Chloroquine has been extensively used in mass drug administrations, which may have contributed to the emergence and spread of resistance. It is recommended to check if chloroquine is still effective in the region prior to using it. Mechanism of action of chloroquine in malaria treatment Hydroxychloroquine 347 Aralen chloroquine is an antimalarial drug used for the treatment of malaria and extraintestinal amebiasis. Common side effects are reduced hearing, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Dosage, drug interactions, and pregnancy and breastfeeding safety are provided. Chloroquine is used to prevent or treat malaria caused by mosquito bites in countries where malaria is common. Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in. Chloroquine does not treat the hypnozoite liver stage forms of Plasmodium and will therefore not prevent relapses of malaria due to P. vivax or P. ovale. Additional treatment with an anti-malarial agent active against these forms, such as an 8-aminoquinoline, is required for the treatment of infections with P. vivax and P. ovale. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend against treatment of malaria with chloroquine alone due to more effective combinations. In areas where resistance is present, other antimalarials, such as mefloquine or atovaquone, may be used instead. How does chloroquine kill the malaria parasite The Activities of Current. - PubMed Central PMC, Chloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions. Plaquenil interaction with alcohol Chloroquine is an anti-malaria medicine that works by interfering with the growth of parasites in the red blood cells of the human body. Parasites that cause malaria typically enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Chloroquine is used to treat and to prevent malaria. Chloroquine Uses, Side Effects & Warnings -. Chloroquine - FDA prescribing information, side effects.. Medicines for the Prevention of Malaria While Traveling.. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Plasmodium parasites. After a person is bitten, the parasite invades the victim’s red blood cells. There, it eventually divides into daughter parasites, which continue to destroy each red blood cell they infect. Chloroquine is the generic form of the brand-name prescription medicine Aralen, which is used to prevent and treat malaria — a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite — and to treat. However, the efficiency of chloroquine has been severely impacted by the recent development of chloroquine resistant plasmodium falciparum parasites. The development of chloroquine resistance by malaria parasites is increasing at an alarming rate especially in the tropical countries where it is used extensively as an antimalarial drug 2.